Farm Carbon Cutting Toolkit

Farm GHGs

This section of the Toolkit is designed to make clear where greenhouse gases (GHG) are emitted on a farm and to identify the changes that can be made to a farm operation to reduce emissions. Each page explains the primary causes of GHG emissions from that operation (except Sequestration which explains how farms remove and store CO2 from the air in the soil) and what are the most effective actions to take to reduce emissions from that part of the farm.

Read the sections that are relevant for your farm so that you understand the processes behind the emissions and are therefore able to see how best to reduce emissions and improve the farm business – lost carbon and nitrogen is lost income!



Soil
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Soil underpins the entire farm system. A healthy well-managed soil will support productive and healthy crops and pasture, which in turn supports a profitable and resilient farming system. A soil that accumulates organic matter will sequester carbon, be productive and increase productivity - a win, win, win situation.

 
Crops
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Crops are a significant source of GHG emissions and one area in which new techniques especially can help farms reduce their carbon footprints and benefit their bottom line.  The most significant GHG emission from arable cropping in the UK is associated with the use of artificial nitrogen fertilisers.  The other significant operation is cultivations (frequency, intensity and depth) and the effect that has on Soil Organic Matter and consequent GHG emissions.

 
Livestock
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Find out about livestock emissions and how to reduce these, this section includes dairy production, beef and sheep, pig rearing and poultry and egg production.

 
Buildings
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Buildings and operations comprise the daily interactions for most farms - read this section to find out how you can save money and resources everyday

 
Energy efficiency
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Energy efficiency and resilience involves adapting to a changing, energy constrained world and planning for a future where energy supplies are running out and prices rising. This means coping on the farm with supply shocks, pressure to reduce consumption and increasing self-sufficiency by generating energy on-site.

 
Energy generation
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A crucial part of addressing the future on your farm and a great opportunity for farmers.